When my Principal mentioned that we would start the move towards Standards-Based grading next year, all I saw were looks of horror on most teachers’ faces. Look, I get it. Change is hard. Super hard. Among all the other tasks teachers are charged with, adding another just seems… impossible. But I also believe that change is usually for the better, and I truly believe my district would never make a change that would be detrimental to students. So, before I jump on the “Letter Grades For Life” bandwagon, I thought I should try to better understand why this change is happening, so I set out to answer the question of, “What are the benefits of standards-based grading?” Here is what I found…
Benefit 1: Grades need to measure the mastery of content, not work habits. Standards-Based grades do just that, measure proficiency.
Sometimes, students who can easily master the standards end up getting lower grades if they do not complete homework and other assignments, or if their behavior is less than desirable. On the other hand, students who have good work habits but may not have mastered all of the standards in a course, end up getting better grades. In Patricia Scriffiny’s article in Educational Leadership: Expecting Excellence, she states, “The crucial idea is to use a system that is not based on the inappropriate use of averages. The system must not allow students to mask their level of understanding with their attendance, their level of effort, or other peripheral issues.” In this sense, letter grades do not always measure students’ knowledge of the content, but whether or not they have good work habits. Standards-Based grading is a fair way to show mastery of a subject. Some people might be thinking, well shouldn’t hard work be rewarded? I agree. I do think good work habits are important to teach and instill in students, but they still don’t measure what the student knows. Work habits should be measured and included in a grade report but should be kept separate from the learning objectives.
Benefit 2: Standards-based grades are more informative for students, teachers, and parents
In our traditional A,B,C,D,F grading system, when a student earns an 83 on an assessment, it is considered a B. But, what does that B mean? It doesn’t tell us which standards the student has mastered, and which still need work. Moving from letter grades to standards-based grades will let students, parents, and teachers better identify a student’s true level of mastery. In addition, knowing which standards students are struggling with helps teachers to more accurately match students where their needs are. According to Scriffiny, the standards-based grade book gives a wealth of information to help the teacher adjust instruction. Instead of looking at an arbitrary list of percentages, you can easily identify students who may need to be retaught a concept in order to achieve mastery. Similarly, for students who are quick to master the standards in a given course, they would move to the next standard on the continuum at their own pace, so that their learning would be more individualized, which leads to the next benefit…
Benefit 3: It encourages a growth mindset
Standards-Based grading is essential in schools with a growth mindset. The idea is that students can work towards mastery on each of the standards until they are proficient. They would have multiple opportunities to demonstrate their proficiency for a standard and will move forward once they are ready to do so. It lends itself to individualized learning, where students work on mastering the standards they need to.
Benefit 4: It requires teachers to have a deeper understanding of their content and objectives
SB grading requires teachers to know their content standards and to know them well. In many cases, this means that teachers will have to rework their curriculum and assessments so that everything is clearly aligned with a standard. This will take time, discussion, and guidance. According to Scriffiny, you can’t use standards-based grading without clear standards. It just can’t happen.
Clearly, there are a lot of benefits to Standards-Based Grading. I also think it’s a change that will take time, discussion, and guidance and should not happen overnight. But after doing a little research I can say that I am all for the change and look forward to embracing standards-based grading.
References:Scriffiny, Patricia L. “Seven Reasons for Standards-Based Grading.” Educational Leadership Expecting Excellence 66.2 (2008): 70-74. Educational Leadership:Expecting Excellence:Seven Reasons for Standards-Based Grading. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Web. 06 June 2017.http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/oct08/vol66/num02/Seven_Reasons_for_Standards-Based_Grading.aspx
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